大学入試に必要な英単語の数

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センター試験・2013年度・英語(4)のA

アルク発行の『究極の英単語』は1万2000語の英単語を、易しい方から、1000語ずつグループにしています。これを利用して、センター試験の英語ご語彙レベルを分析します。

【第4問のAの英文は次の通り。】
第4問 次の問い(A・B)に答えよ。


The World Health Organization(WHO) has published a report on the availability and distribution of human health resources around the world. The World Health Report 2006 analyzes factors affecting countries' health care environments. The data collected reveal a range of situations and have helped WHO propose a long-term action plan for improving health care offered in every country.

One of the key factors contributing to a country's health care conditions is its numbers of health care workers. The report estimates the shortage of these professionals at an alarming 4.3 million worldwide. It further points out that the shortage is most severe in the poorest nations, especially those located south of the Sahara Desert which are faced with high rates of diseases. As Table 1 shows, Senegal and Ghana, for example, have very low numbers of doctors and nurses per 10,000 people.

Surprisingly, perhaps, countries such as Russia and Cuba actually have higher proportions of medical professionals than some richer countries. The systems for qualifying health care workers do differ from country to country > Still, these two countries clearly give priority to ensuring that there are sufficient numbers of professionals. Another important factor is a country's health care spending, shown in Table 1 as a percentage of its gross domestic product (GDP), or the total value of all its goods and services. Despite their lower proportions of doctors, countries such as the USA, Sweden, and France spend much more on health care, both as a percentage of GDP and as an actual amount, than Russia and Cuba. With these factors and other conditions in mind,WHO has proposed solutions to the global shortage of health care workers. Areas of particular concern include war-torn countries such as Somalia and Afghanistan. Countries and organizations have provide financial aid in the past .. Because money donated has not always led to more spending in health care, however, the report recommends a 10-year plan to help countries build sutainable training systems.International cooperation is vital to WHO's proposal; countries at risk must be avle to rely on the support of various global partners. Japan, the UK, and other countries are expected to give assistance including medical knowledge. Perhaps WHO's vision of "universal access to health care" can become a reality.














CountryDoctors per 10,000 people Nurses per 10,000 peopleHealth care spending (2003)
% of GDP Actual amount spent per person (US$)
Senegal0.63.25.129
(A)1.59.24.516
Afghanistan1.92.26.511
Japan19.877.97.92662
(B)25.693.715.25711
Sweden32.8102.49.43149
France33.772.410.12981
(C)42.580.55.6167
Cuba59.174.47.3211




問1 Which of the following combinations represents the three countries (A),(B) and (C) in Table 1? [35]

(1) (A) Ghana (B) Somalia (C) Russia
(2) (A) Ghana (B) the USA (C) Russia
(3) (A) Russia (B) Somalia (C) the USA
(4) (A) Russia (B) the USA (C) Ghana


問2 According to the report, which two aspects influence a country's health care situation most? [36]
(1) Sustainable training systems and health care spending.
(2) Sustainable training systems and money donated.
(3) The numbers of health care workers and health care spending.
(4) The numbers of health care workers and money donated.


問3 Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(1) The lack of health care workers worldwide is reported to be around 4.3 million.
(2) The proportion of doctors and nurses is higher in Sweden than in Japan.
(3) WHO's report includes an action plan to help countries with poor health care systems.
(4) WHO's report proposes sending more doctors and nurses





【第4問のAの英文で、『究極の英単語』最初の1000語に載っている単語を黒い四角で塗りつぶすと、】
第4問 次の問い(A・B)に答えよ。

■ ■ Health Organization(WHO) ■ published ■ report ■ ■ availability ■ distribution ■ human health resources ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ Health Report 2006 analyzes factors affecting ■' health care environments. ■ data collected reveal ■ range ■ situations ■ ■ ■ WHO propose ■ ■-term action ■ ■ improving health care offered ■ ■ ■.

■ ■ ■ ■ factors contributing ■ ■ ■'s health care conditions ■ ■ ■ ■ health care workers. ■ report estimates ■ shortage ■ ■ professionals ■ ■ alarming 4.3 million worldwide. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ shortage ■ ■ severe ■ ■ ■ nations, especially ■ located ■ ■ ■ Sahara Desert ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ rates ■ diseases. ■ ■ 1 ■, Senegal ■ Ghana, ■ example, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ per 10,000 ■.

Surprisingly, ■, ■ ■ ■ Russia ■ Cuba actually ■ ■ proportions ■ medical professionals ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ systems ■ qualifying health care workers ■ differ ■ ■ ■ ■ > ■, ■ ■ ■ clearly ■ priority ■ ensuring ■ ■ ■ sufficient ■ ■ professionals. ■ ■ factor ■ ■ ■'s health care ■, ■ ■ ■ 1 ■ ■ percentage ■ ■ gross domestic product (GDP), ■ ■ total value ■ ■ ■ goods ■ services. Despite ■ ■ proportions ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ USA, Sweden, ■ France ■ ■ ■ ■ health care, ■ ■ ■ percentage ■ GDP ■ ■ ■ actual amount, ■ Russia ■ Cuba. ■ ■ factors ■ ■ conditions ■ ■, WHO ■ proposed solutions ■ ■ global shortage ■ health care workers. Areas ■ particular concern include ■-torn ■ ■ ■ Somalia ■ Afghanistan. ■ ■ organizations ■ provide financial aid ■ ■ ■ .. ■ ■ donated ■ ■ ■ led ■ ■ ■ ■ health care, however, ■ report recommends ■ 10-■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ sutainable ■ systems.International cooperation ■ vital ■ WHO's proposal; ■ ■ risk ■ ■ avle ■ rely ■ ■ support ■ various global partners. Japan, ■ UK, ■ ■ ■ ■ expected ■ ■ assistance including medical knowledge. ■ WHO's vision ■ "universal access ■ health care" ■ ■ ■ reality.






問1 ■ ■ ■ following combinations represents ■ ■ ■ (■),(B) ■ (C) ■ ■ 1? [35]

(1) (■) Ghana (B) Somalia (C) Russia
(2) (■) Ghana (B) ■ USA (C) Russia
(3) (■) Russia (B) Somalia (C) ■ USA
(4) (■) Russia (B) ■ USA (C) Ghana


問2 According ■ ■ report, ■ ■ aspects influence ■ ■'s health care situation ■? [36]
(1) Sustainable ■ systems ■ health care ■.
(2) Sustainable ■ systems ■ ■ donated.
(3) ■ ■ ■ health care workers ■ health care ■.
(4) ■ ■ ■ health care workers ■ ■ donated.


問3 ■ ■ ■ following statements ■ ■ ■?
(1) ■ lack ■ health care workers worldwide ■ reported ■ ■ ■ 4.3 million.
(2) ■ proportion ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Sweden ■ ■ Japan.
(3) WHO's report includes ■ action ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ health care systems.
(4) WHO's report proposes ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


【第4問の(A)の英文で、『究極の英単語』の易しい方から2000語に載っている英単語を黒い四角で塗りつぶすと】
■ ■ ■ Organization(WHO) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ availability ■ distribution ■ ■ ■ resources ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ ■ 2006 analyzes factors affecting ■' ■ ■ environments. ■ data ■ reveal ■ range ■ situations ■ ■ ■ WHO ■ ■ ■-■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.

■ ■ ■ ■ factors contributing ■ ■ ■'s ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ estimates ■ shortage ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ alarming 4.3 ■ worldwide. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ shortage ■ ■ severe ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ located ■ ■ ■ Sahara ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ 1 ■, Senegal ■ Ghana, ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ per 10,000 ■.

Surprisingly, ■, ■ ■ ■ Russia ■ Cuba ■ ■ ■ proportions ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ qualifying ■ ■ ■ ■ differ ■ ■ ■ ■ > ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ priority ■ ensuring ■ ■ ■ sufficient ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ factor ■ ■ ■'s ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ 1 ■ ■ percentage ■ ■ gross domestic ■ (GDP), ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ goods ■ ■. Despite ■ ■ proportions ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ USA, Sweden, ■ France ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ percentage ■ GDP ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ Russia ■ Cuba. ■ ■ factors ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, WHO ■ ■ solutions ■ ■ global shortage ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ concern ■ ■-■ ■ ■ ■ Somalia ■ Afghanistan. ■ ■ organizations ■ ■ financial aid ■ ■ ■ .. ■ ■ donated ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, ■, ■ ■ recommends ■ 10-■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ sutainable ■ ■.■ cooperation ■ vital ■ WHO's proposal; ■ ■ risk ■ ■ avle ■ rely ■ ■ ■ ■ various global partners. Japan, ■ UK, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ assistance ■ ■ ■. ■ WHO's vision ■ "universal access ■ ■ ■" ■ ■ ■ reality.



問1 ■ ■ ■ ■ combinations represents ■ ■ ■ (A),(B) ■ (C) ■ ■ 1? [35]

(1) (A) Ghana (B) Somalia (C) Russia
(2) (A) Ghana (B) ■ USA (C) Russia
(3) (A) Russia (B) Somalia (C) ■ USA
(4) (A) Russia (B) ■ USA (C) Ghana


問2 According ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ aspects influence ■ ■'s ■ ■ situation ■? [36]
(1) Sustainable ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.
(2) Sustainable ■ ■ ■ ■ donated.
(3) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.
(4) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ donated.


問3 ■ ■ ■ ■ statements ■ ■ ■?
(1) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ worldwide ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 4.3 ■.
(2) ■ proportion ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Sweden ■ ■ Japan.
(3) WHO's ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.
(4) WHO's ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■


【第4問の(A)の英文で、『究極の英単語』の易しい方から3000語に載っている英単語を黒い四角で塗りつぶすと】

■ ■ ■ ■(WHO) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ availability ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ resources ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ ■ 2006 analyzes factors ■ ■' ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ reveal ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ WWHO ■ ■ ■-■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.

■ ■ ■ ■ factors contributing ■ ■ ■'s ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ estimates ■ shortage ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 4.3 ■ worldwide. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ shortage ■ ■ severe ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ located ■ ■ ■ Sahara ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ 1 ■, Senegal ■ Ghana, ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 10,000 ■.

Surprisingly, ■, ■ ■ ■ Russia ■ Cuba ■ ■ ■ proportions ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ qualifying ■ ■ ■ ■ differ ■ ■ ■ ■ > ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ priority ■ ensuring ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ factor ■ ■ ■'s ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ gross ■ ■ (GDP), ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. Despite ■ ■ proportions ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ USA, Sweden, ■ France ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ GDP ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ Russia ■ Cuba. ■ ■ factors ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, WHO ■ ■ solutions ■ ■ ■ shortage ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■-■ ■ ■ ■ Somalia ■ Afghanistan. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ .. ■ ■ donated ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■, ■, ■ ■ ■ ■ 10-■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ sutainable ■ ■.■ cooperation ■ vital ■ WHO's ■; ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ avle ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. Japan, ■ UK, ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■. ■ WHO's ■ ■ "universal ■ ■ ■ ■" ■ ■ ■ ■.




問1 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ (■),(B) ■ (C) ■ ■ 1? [35]

(1) (A) Ghana (B) Somalia (C) Russia
(2) (A) Ghana (B) ■ USA (C) Russia
(3) (A) Russia (B) Somalia (C) ■ USA
(4) (A) Russia (B) ■ USA (C) Ghana


問2 ■ ■ ■ ■, ■ ■ aspects ■ ■ ■'s ■ ■ ■ ■? [36]
(1) Sustainable ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.
(2) Sustainable ■ ■ ■ ■ donated.
(3) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.
(4) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ donated.


問3 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■?
(1) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ worldwide ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 4.3 ■.
(2) ■ proportion ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Sweden ■ ■ Japan.
(3) WHO's ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■.
(4) WHO's ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■
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